Anatomy & Morphology
Diagnostic confidence, patient after patient.
Ultrasound and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) are used predominantly in prostate cancer care in terms of tumor characterization, staging, presurgical and radiation therapy planning, therapy monitoring, and follow-up.
Transrectal Ultrasound (TRUS)
- The gold standard for diagnosis of prostate cancer is the histological assessment of specimens obtained by TRUS-guided systematic core needle biopsy. The method involves taking tissue samples from the prostate in a geometric pattern.
- Advanced ultrasound options, such as color power Doppler and contrast-enhanced ultrasound, offer increased sensitivity and specificity for lesion detection and localization.
- Real-time elastography represents a further ultrasound technique that can help differentiate malignant from benign tissue for lesion detection and biopsy guidance.